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A Decade After 9/11 -; Rebuilding Lower Manhattan

<p>Ten years after the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001, the MTA reflects on a decade that began with rescue and heroism, and finished with rebuilding and growth. The MTA worked quickly to restore service after 9/11 and has been crucially important to the area's rebuilding and revitalization.</p>

<h2>Restoring Service Downtown: A Symbol of Recovery</h2>
<p><div style="float:right; margin-left:10px; margin-bottom:10px;"><img src="/sites/default/files/archive/imgs/911_3.jpg" alt="South Ferry Station Photo"></div>The 1 subway tunnel, which ran underneath the World Trade Center, was badly damaged by the attacks. The tunnel collapsed and the station underneath the World Trade Center, Cortlandt St., was crushed by the weight of the collapsed towers. From that day to a year later, the 1 line was temporarily suspended south of Chamber St. But as the response to 9/11 shifted from rescue and recovery to rebuilding, MTA employees labored for a year to rebuild the tunnel and restore service several months more quickly than originally anticipated. In one of the most significant early symbols of the recovery, the 1 train returned to the tracks south of Chambers Street on September 15, 2002.</p>

<h2>Revitalizing Lower Manhattan</h2>
<p><div style="float:left; margin-right:10px;"><img src="/sites/default/files/archive/imgs/camera-05-Final.jpg" alt="Fulton Street Transit Center Graphic"></div>In the years since that initial service restoration, the MTA has played a crucial role in the renaissance of Lower Manhattan with a collection of major construction projects. The first to open was the new South Ferry Terminal on the 1 line, which opened on March 16, 2009, with expanded capacity for customers, new artwork and a new free transfer. With a wide and straight full-length island platform, the station replaced an antiquated loop station built in 1905 that allowed only the first five cars of a train to have access to a curving platform. It new terminal also offers a free underground transfer to the R train at Whitehall St.</p>

<p>Further north on the R line, the tracks ran adjacent to the World Trade Center underneath Church Street, and these were also damaged by the attacks. The R line's Cortlandt St station was tremendously damaged but not destroyed. On November 25, 2009, the MTA permanently reopened the northbound platform of the R train station at Cortlandt St. Service in the southbound direction was permanently restored on September 6, 2011.</p>

<p>Perhaps the biggest change of all to the transportation network in Lower Manhattan will be the opening in just over two years of the Fulton Street Transit Center, centered one block east of the World Trade Center site and connecting directly to it underground. The station and its underground concourses, which will connect 11 subway lines, will create a great new public space and will serve as a resounding statement about the future of downtown.</p>
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