R143 subway cars have a computerized feature to
regulate train speed, which will allow trains to run
closer together in the future.
Serves: Manhattan, Queens, Brooklyn, the Bronx, and Staten Island through MTA
Staten Island Railway (SIR). Lettered routes include
Lettered routes include
The 21 interconnected subway routes feature across-the-platform transfers between express and local service at many stations. There are three permanent shuttle services: Franklin Avenue, Rockaway Park and 42 Street.
Across-the-platform transfers and connections
During off-peak hours, when the subway is less crowded, conductors can hold trains that enter the same station at the same time, and passengers can transfer across the platform. Subway personnel can do this as long as both trains are on schedule and waiting will not disrupt either train’s schedule.
Number of subway cars: 6,311
Number of weekday train trips:7,817
Subway car mileage: The fleet traveled 341.6 million miles in 2012
Number of miles traveled by an average subway car between repairs:
With no change of trains: the train from 207th Street in Manhattan to Far Rockaway in Queens (more than 31 miles).
With a transfer: the train from 241st Street in the Bronx, with a transfer to the Far Rockaway-bound Train (more than 38 miles).
Between stations: the train between the Howard Beach/JFK Airport and Broad Channel stations in Queens (3.5 miles).
The train (shown in Utica Avenue Station, Brooklyn)
can take you more than 38 miles for only one fare.
From the original 28 stations built in Manhattan and opened on October 27, 1904, the subway system has grown to 468 stations, most of which were built by 1930. Their design represents three distinct styles since two private companies the Interborough Rapid Transit Company (IRT) and the Brooklyn-Manhattan Transit Corporation (BMT) and the city-owned Independent Rapid Transit Railroad (IND), built them.
The primary difference among the three types of stations is platform lengths. IRT stations have platforms that are 525 feet long; BMT platforms are 615 feet long, and IND platforms are the longest some measuring 660 feet.
Over the past 20 years, NYC Transit has rehabilitated or upgraded almost half the stations in the system, making sure to rebuild the distinctive tile mosaics of the stations. In addition, MTA Arts for Transit has commissioned and installed artwork in dozens of stations since 1985.
DID YOU KNOW? NYC Transit - with 468 subway stations - has only 60 fewer stations than the combined total of all other subway systems in the country.
Types of stations: Underground (about 60 percent); elevated, embankment, and open-cut. *
Highest station: Smith-9 Sts in Brooklyn, 88 feet above street level.
Lowest station: 191 St in Manhattan, 180 feet below street level.
* An open-cut station is built below street level, in a trench-like depression, or "cut." Unlike a station built in a tunnel, most "open-cut" stations are exposed to the outdoors.
Example: Parkside Avenue station in Brooklyn.